Monday, October 16, 2017

Car Preventive Maintenance Check List

When we have business that use a vehicle as a transport your good from your storage to other storage or just a service provider, you should have a vehicle check list to control your vehicle readiness. The check list you should provide as follows:

Vehicle Inspection Check List could be implemented in several condition as follows:
  • Carried out before and on daily operations.
  • Carried out at the end of each day
  • Carried out when a change of driver takes place

Vehicle Reg. No.:........................Vehicle Fleet No.:..................
Date:........................Inspected By:.................
Tyres: Wheels:
Tyre Tread Dept..........Rim Damage.........
Cracks & Cuts..........Dust Caps.........
Engine Compartments:
Oil Level..........Steering Fluid.........
Coolant Level..........Loose Hoses.........
Brake Fluid Level..........Loose Wiring.........
Clutch Fluid Level..........Accessory Belts.........
Battery Water Level..........Battery Security.........
Driver/Passenger Compartments:
Emergency Lights..........Brake Operation.........
Steering System..........Restraint System.........
Mobile Radio..........Loose Object.........
Luggage Compartments: Accessories/Other:
Spare Tyre..........Wiper & Screen.........
Jack & Wheel Spanner..........Light.........
Special Equipment..........Car Radio/Horn/Siren.........
Driver License/Insurance.........

From the data as above may still any other data that should be filled in your check-list, you can develop more detail as you needed.

Driver Problems

This is the sample test on behavior training.
Imagine if you become a truck driver,
Then you drive a truck from Jakarta to Surabaya,
The truck load some materials that should distribute to some city,
The truck unloads the material in Bandung then continues the travel,
The second unloading is in Solo then rest in this city,
The total time to Surabaya is about 24 hours.
The question: how old is the driver? This is your age...


If you have the problem on the Road while driving a car,
Your car wheel erupt,
While you open the wheel, suddenly the bolts are missing,
How you overcome this problem, while you don’t have spare part.
You can loose the bolt one of every wheel then set to those wheel.
Then you can go to spare part shop to buy bolts.


While you sleep, then you drive a car to New York City,
The distance of your place is 50 Km from this city,
Because you drive on the night then you use lamps,
While driving and you steel feel sleepy,
the rain is coming and the winds blow very fast,
even some of plant branch is fall down to the road,
in the front don’t very clearly to see,
Suddenly all your car lamp is dead,
And the dark of the night is make you blind.....
What can you do if you got this problem?


The problem on driving a car sometimes not because of the car type but, its totally who is Behind the Car.

Sunday, October 15, 2017

Cheap Honda

If you want to buy a car but have no enough money you can try used car like old Honda. Cheap Honda sedan usually still work well, because seldom use for long journey. For make sure you must accompany by your mechanic to make sure the condition. Usually only run in the city and only for go to work. People usually want other type of old car because already bored using this car. You can try to find-out Altima or Maxima Honda type. Or can looking for cheap Honda price through internet.

This car is produced in year of 1990. Maxima was hands down Nissan’s four door sport car. While Altima has even playing field with more power, better handling and better design.

old honda type Altima and Maxima
old Honda
The price is very very low compare to new one, like Honda Civic or you can check of some price of Honda cars.

Diesel Engine

A diesel engine is a type of internal combustion engine that is similar to the gasoline engine, but required no electrical ignition system or carburetor. It was invented by Rudolf Diesel, a German engineer, who obtained a patent for the design in 1892. Diesels employ high compression ratios to elevate the compressed air temperature sufficiently to ignite a low-grade fuel that is injected into the cylinder. Component of diesel are usually heavier than those of gasoline engines because of the additional compression ratio and power output.

Diesel engine employ a system of fuel injection to spray the fuel into the cylinder after the air has been compressed by the piston. This mixture burns; the expanding gasses push the piston down and thus supply power. The timing of this fuel injection is just as critical as is the spark that ignites the fuel in the gasoline engine. Therefore, the injection mechanisms are mechanically linked to the crankshaft. Since each cylinder takes in and compresses a fixed amount of air, the power of the engine is varied by the amount of fuel injection. The timing as well as the duration and pressure of fuel injection, is design so that the maximum useful energy is obtained from the fuel for a particular range of speed, power, acceleration, or other working condition.

Diesel Engines, like other internal combustion engines, require an exhaust system, a cooling system, and a starting system. Because of the unusually high compression ratio, diesel engines need a powerful starting system. Some diesel engine use an electric motor or an auxiliary gasoline engine, whereas others use compressed air or spark ignition to start the engine. Diesel engines have always been popular power plants for large vehicles such as buses, trucks, locomotives, and ships. Small diesels have been used in automobiles, although the noise, soot, and pollutant they produce have discouraged that use in the United States.

Today continuing effort are being made to apply diesel power to additional stationary uses, such as in central generating station, industrial power plants, oil pipelines, and irrigating pumps. The diesel has been successful because of its operating advantages, such as low maintenance costs, greater efficiency, high power output, and fuel economy under all loads.

Gasoline Engine Cycle Work

Common car usually have 4 cycle, especially for gasoline engine,  for diesel engine may have higher cycles because they need high power.

Cycle work of gasoline engine can describe as follows:

1. Sucking Cycle
  • Inlet valve opened, piston move downward and suck mixture of fuel and air into the cylinder. If the cylinder is in the lowest position, all the cylinder room will full of the mixture, and this cycle end.
2. Compression Cycle
  • Inlet valve closed, piston move upward and will compress the cylinder contains (mixture of fuel and air), and before the piston reach the top position, ignition then merge from spark plug.
3. Work Cycle
  • The mixture of fuel then fired arise eruption and push the piston downward and before reach the lowest position, exhaust valve then opened.
4. Exhaust Cycle
  • Piston then moves upward and pushes the burnt gas mixture out of cylinder. All the process then repeat from the beginning.

This all cycle called as engine 4 cycles. Piston volume represent as V1 letter, this volume is a mixture volume that suck into the cylinder when the piston on the lowest position. The other volume is when the piston on the top position, and this volume represented as V2, this space is called as combustion volume.

The comparison of V1/V2 is called as compression ratio. For gasoline engine this ratio value is 7 to 9, and for diesel engine this ratio value is 12 to 20.

V1 : Combustion volume (Vc)
V2 : Piston cycle volume (Vp)

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