Monday, August 11, 2008

Cylinder Block

Gasoline Engine Components:

Cylinder Block is the base form of engine, on the cylinder block locates several engine cylinders. Each of cylinders has one piston that install in one of top piston, while other top piston connected to crank shaft axe. In the top of inside cylinder is a combustion room that completed with suction valve and exhaust valve. These valves are moved by knocking axe to open and close the exhaust channel. For resulting a power, gasoline and air is mix in the channel into the cylinder and the gas fired is thrown out.

Generally the machine is placed in the front of car and tighten with bolts on the frame using rubber base between frame and engine, this is used for weaken the engine vibration.

Cylinder block is the main component and as the biggest engine components, on the cylinder housing is installed other components. This cylinder usually is made from iron or aluminum composite in the molding fabric, with certain conditionals:
  • Inside of cylinder surface is very smooth for installing piston.
  • Smooth upper surface use to form a cooling water circulation from radiator and installed with cylinder head.
  • There are inside channel or water jacket, use for circulate cooling water for cooling a machine cylinder.
  • There are inside channel for oil circulating to oiling moving parts.
  • A very smooth surface in the base of cylinder as oil basin and form a very share close.
  • As prop of bearing camp axle and handle of lever camp if needed.

Several cylinder is arrange in cylinder block, in the top is covered with cylinder head. Underside cylinder is form crank space to install other tools such as: starter, alternator, gasoline pump and distributor.

Water space mainly is placed in cylinder block (air cooler have different lay-out). On the top of cylinder contains of cylinder vessel that round with cooling jacket. Cylinder vessel is drilled in direction of the block or makes other separate cylinder vessel. Underside of main base of cylinder block from crank shaft, called as crank cavity.

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